International Day for Disaster Reduction 2015

 Many people around the world lose their lives, homes or access to essential facilities, such as hospitals, due to natural disasters, including earthquakes, droughts, tsunamis, heavy flooding, hurricanes or cyclones. Some of these disasters have caused economic damage to some countries. The world leaders have come to a conclusion that education, training, and information exchanges are effective ways to help people become better equipped in withstanding natural disasters.

The International Day for Disaster Reduction (IDDR) started in 1989 with the approval by the United Nations General Assembly. The UN General Assembly sees the IDDR as a way to promote a global culture of disaster reduction, including disaster prevention, mitigation and preparedness.

The countries around the globe mark October 13 as a day to celebrate how people and communities are reducing their exposure to disasters and raising awareness about the importance of Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR). IDDR encourages every citizen and government to take part in building more disaster resilient communities and nations.

The theme for 2015 focuses on the use of traditional, indigenous and local knowledge which complement modern science and add to an individual’s and societies’ resilience. For example, knowledge of early warning signals in nature can be vital to ensuring early action is taken to mitigate the impact of both slow and fast onset disasters such as droughts, heatwaves, storms and floods. Combined with scientific knowledge such as reports generated by meteorologists, local knowledge is vital for preparedness and can be passed on from generation to generation.

Generally each year, governments and communities take part in IDDR by organizing events, conferences on making people aware of natural disaster reduction. Other activities include community tree planting, seminars and street parades.

 



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